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Experimental study of eddy structures in a turbulent boundary layer using particle image velocimetry. (English) Zbl 1156.76307
Summary: Particle image velocimetry experiments have been performed in a turbulent boundary-layer wind tunnel in order to study the coherent structures taking part in the generation and preservation of wall turbulence. The particular wind tunnel used is suitable for high-resolution experiments \((\delta> 0.3\) m) at high Reynolds numbers (up to \(R_{\theta} = 19\,000\) in the present results). Eddy structures were identified in instantaneous velocity maps in order to determine their mean characteristics and possible relationships between these structures. In the logarithmic region, the results show that the observed eddy structures appear to organize like elongated vortices, tilted downstream, mainly at an angle of about \(45^\circ\) and having a cane shape. The characteristics of these vortices appear here to be universal in wall units for \(R_{\theta}\leq 19\,000\). They seem to find their origin at a wall distance of about 25 wall units as quasi-streamwise vortices and to migrate away from the wall while tilting to form a head and a leg. Away from the wall, their radius increases and their vorticity decreases very slowly so that their circulation is nearly constant. Near the wall, the picture obtained is in fair agreement with existing models. The analysis of the results indicates a universality of the buffer-layer mechanism, even at low Reynolds number, and a sensitivity of the logarithmic region to low-Reynolds-number effects.

76-05 Experimental work for problems pertaining to fluid mechanics
76F40 Turbulent boundary layers
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