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Automorphisms and abstract commensurators of 2-dimensional Artin groups. (English) Zbl 1135.20027
Summary: We consider the class of 2-dimensional Artin groups with connected, large type, triangle-free defining graphs (type CLTTF). We classify these groups up to isomorphism, and describe a generating set for the automorphism group of each such Artin group. In the case where the defining graph has no separating edge or vertex we show that the Artin group is not abstractly commensurable to any other CLTTF Artin group. If, moreover, the defining graph satisfies a further “vertex rigidity” condition, then the abstract commensurator group of the Artin group is isomorphic to its automorphism group and generated by inner automorphisms, graph automorphisms (induced from automorphisms of the defining graph), and the involution which maps each standard generator to its inverse.
We observe that the techniques used here to study automorphisms carry over easily to the Coxeter group situation. We thus obtain a classification of the CLTTF type Coxeter groups up to isomorphism and a description of their automorphism groups analogous to that given for the Artin groups.

20F36 Braid groups; Artin groups
20F05 Generators, relations, and presentations of groups
20F28 Automorphism groups of groups
20F55 Reflection and Coxeter groups (group-theoretic aspects)
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