Direct numerical simulation of compressible turbulent channel flow between adiabatic and isothermal walls.

*(English)*Zbl 1134.76363Summary: The effects of adiabatic and isothermal conditions on the statistics in compressible turbulent channel flow are investigated using direct numerical simulation (DNS). DNS of two compressible turbulent channel flows (Cases 1 and 2) are performed using a mixed Fourier Galerkin and B-spline collocation method. Case 1 is compressible turbulent channel flow between isothermal walls, which corresponds to DNS performed by G. N. Coleman et al. [J. Fluid Mech. 305, 159–183 (1995; Zbl 0960.76517)]. Case 2 is the flow between adiabatic and isothermal walls. The flow of Case 2 can be a very useful framework for the present objective, since it is the simplest turbulent channel flow with an adiabatic wall and provides ideal information for modelling the compressible turbulent flow near the adiabatic wall. Note that compressible turbulent channel flow between adiabatic walls is not stationary if there is no sink of heat. In Cases 1 and 2, the Mach number based on the bulk velocity and sound speed at the isothermal wall is 1.5, and the Reynolds number based on the bulk density, bulk velocity, channel half-width, and viscosity at the isothermal wall is 3000.

To compare compressible and incompressible turbulent flows, DNS of two incompressible turbulent channel flows with passive scalar transport (Cases A and B) are performed using a mixed Fourier Galerkin and Chebyshev tau method. The wall boundary conditions of Cases A and B correspond to those of Cases 1 and 2, respectively. Case A corresponds to the DNS of Kim and Moin. In Cases A and B, the Reynolds number based on the friction velocity, the channel half-width, and the kinematic viscosity is 150.

The mean velocity and temperature near adiabatic and isothermal walls for compressible turbulent channel flow can be explained using the non-dimensional heat flux and the friction Mach number. It is found that Morkovin’s hypothesis is not applicable to the near-wall asymptotic behaviour of the wall-normal turbulence intensity even if the variable property effect is taken into account. The mechanism of the energy transfers among the internal energy, mean and turbulent kinetic energies is investigated, and the difference between the energy transfers near isothermal and adiabatic walls is revealed. Morkovin’s hypothesis is not applicable to the correlation coefficient between velocity and temperature fluctuations near the adiabatic wall.

To compare compressible and incompressible turbulent flows, DNS of two incompressible turbulent channel flows with passive scalar transport (Cases A and B) are performed using a mixed Fourier Galerkin and Chebyshev tau method. The wall boundary conditions of Cases A and B correspond to those of Cases 1 and 2, respectively. Case A corresponds to the DNS of Kim and Moin. In Cases A and B, the Reynolds number based on the friction velocity, the channel half-width, and the kinematic viscosity is 150.

The mean velocity and temperature near adiabatic and isothermal walls for compressible turbulent channel flow can be explained using the non-dimensional heat flux and the friction Mach number. It is found that Morkovin’s hypothesis is not applicable to the near-wall asymptotic behaviour of the wall-normal turbulence intensity even if the variable property effect is taken into account. The mechanism of the energy transfers among the internal energy, mean and turbulent kinetic energies is investigated, and the difference between the energy transfers near isothermal and adiabatic walls is revealed. Morkovin’s hypothesis is not applicable to the correlation coefficient between velocity and temperature fluctuations near the adiabatic wall.