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Ergodicity of the 2D Navier-Stokes equations with degenerate stochastic forcing. (English) Zbl 1130.37038
Summary: The stochastic 2D Navier-Stokes equations on the torus driven by degenerate noise are studied. We characterize the smallest closed invariant subspace for this model and show that the dynamics restricted to that subspace is ergodic. In particular, our results yield a purely geometric characterization of a class of noises for which the equation is ergodic in \(\L^2_0(\mathbb T^2)\). Unlike previous works, this class is independent of the viscosity and the strength of the noise. The two main tools of our analysis are the asymptotic strong Feller property, introduced in this work, and an approximate integration by parts formula. The first, when combined with a weak type of irreducibility, is shown to ensure that the dynamics is ergodic. The second is used to show that the first holds under a Hörmander-type condition. This requires some interesting nonadapted stochastic analysis.

37L55 Infinite-dimensional random dynamical systems; stochastic equations
37A25 Ergodicity, mixing, rates of mixing
37N10 Dynamical systems in fluid mechanics, oceanography and meteorology
60H15 Stochastic partial differential equations (aspects of stochastic analysis)
35R60 PDEs with randomness, stochastic partial differential equations
35Q30 Navier-Stokes equations
76D05 Navier-Stokes equations for incompressible viscous fluids
76M35 Stochastic analysis applied to problems in fluid mechanics
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