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Minimizing the bullwhip effect in a supply chain using genetic algorithms. (English) Zbl 1128.90529
Summary: This paper presents a computational intelligence approach, which addresses the bullwhip effect in supply chains (SCs). A genetic algorithm (GA) is employed to reduce the bullwhip effect and cost in the MIT beer distribution game. The GA is used to determine the optimal ordering policy for members of the SC. The paper shows that the GA can reduce the bullwhip effect when facing deterministic and random customer demand combined with deterministic and random lead times. The paper then examines the effect of sales promotion on the ordering policies and shows that the bullwhip effect can be reduced, even when sales promotions occur in the SC.

MSC:
90B50 Management decision making, including multiple objectives
90C59 Approximation methods and heuristics in mathematical programming
Software:
DYNAMO
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