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Remarks on the second neighborhood problem. (English) Zbl 1122.05040
Summary: The second neighborhood conjecture of Seymour asserts that for any orientation \(G = (V,E)\), there exists a vertex \(v \in V\) so that \(|N^{+}(v)| \leq |N^{++}(v)|\). The conjecture was resolved by D. C. Fisher [J. Graph Theory 23, 43–48 (1996; Zbl 0857.05042)] for tournaments. In this article, we prove the second neighborhood conjecture for several additional classes of dense orientations. We also prove some approximation results, and reduce an asymptotic version of the conjecture to a finite case.

MSC:
05C20 Directed graphs (digraphs), tournaments
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References:
[1] Dean, Congressus Numerantium 109 pp 73– (1995)
[2] Fisher, J Graph Theory 23 pp 43– (1996)
[3] Chen, Annals Combin 7 pp 15– (2003) · doi:10.1007/s000260300001
[4] Havet, J Graph Theory 35 pp 244– (2000)
[5] Kaneko, Congressus Numerantium 148 pp 201– (2001)
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