Goodness-of-fit tests for linear and nonlinear time series models.

*(English)*Zbl 1119.62359Summary: We study a general class of goodness-of-fit tests for a parametric conditional mean of a linear or nonlinear time series model. Among the properties of the proposed tests are that they are suitable when the conditioning set is infinite-dimensional; that they are consistent against a broad class of alternatives, including Pitman’s local alternatives converging at the parametric rate \(n^{-1/2}\), with \(n\) the sample size; and that they do not need to choose a lag order depending on the sample size or to smooth the data. It turns out that the asymptotic null distributions of the tests depend on the data generating process, so a new bootstrap procedure is proposed and theoretically justified. The proposed bootstrap tests are robust to higher-order dependence, particularly to conditional heteroscedasticity of unknown form. A simulation study compares the finite-sample performance of the proposed and competing tests and shows that our tests can play a valuable role in time series modeling. Finally, an application to an economic price series highlights the merits of our approach.