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Asymptotics for sliced average variance estimation. (English) Zbl 1114.62053
Summary: We systematically study consistency of sliced average variance estimation (SAVE). The findings reveal that when the response is continuous, the asymptotic behavior of SAVE is rather different from that of sliced inverse regression (SIR). SIR can achieve \(\sqrt{n}\)-consistency even when each slice contains only two data points. However, SAVE cannot be \(\sqrt{n}\)-consistent and it even turns out to be not consistent when each slice contains a fixed number of data points that do not depend on \(n\), where \(n\) is the sample size. These results theoretically confirm the notion that SAVE is more sensitive to the number of slices than SIR. Taking this into account, a bias correction is recommended in order to allow SAVE to be \(\sqrt{n}\)-consistent. In contrast, when the response is discrete and takes finite values, \(\sqrt{n}\)-consistency can be achieved. Therefore, an approximation through discretization, which is commonly used in practice, is studied. A simulation study is carried out for the purposes of illustration.

62G08 Nonparametric regression and quantile regression
62G20 Asymptotic properties of nonparametric inference
62H12 Estimation in multivariate analysis
65C60 Computational problems in statistics (MSC2010)
62E20 Asymptotic distribution theory in statistics
62H99 Multivariate analysis
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