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Global power functions of goodness of fit tests. (English) Zbl 1106.62329
Summary: It is shown that the global power function of any nonparametric test is flat on balls of alternatives except for alternatives coming from a finite dimensional subspace. The present benchmark is here the upper one-sided (or two-sided) envelope power function. Every choice of a test fixes a priori a finite dimensional region with high power. It turns out that also the level points are far away from the corresponding Neyman-Pearson test level points except for a finite number of orthogonal directions of alternatives. For certain submodels the result is independent of the underlying sample size. In the last section the statistical consequences and special goodness of fit tests are discussed.

62G10 Nonparametric hypothesis testing
62G20 Asymptotic properties of nonparametric inference
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