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Existence of periodic solutions in predator-prey and competition dynamic systems. (English) Zbl 1104.92057
Summary: We systematically explore the periodicity of some dynamic equations on time scales, which incorporate as special cases many population models (e.g., predator-prey systems and competition systems) in mathematical biology governed by differential equations and difference equations. Easily verifiable sufficient criteria are established for the existence of periodic solutions of such dynamic equations, which generalize many known results for continuous and discrete population models when the time scale \(\mathbb T\) is chosen as \(\mathbb R\) or \(\mathbb Z\), respectively. The main approach is based on a continuation theorem in coincidence degree theory, which has been extensively applied in studying existence problems in differential equations and difference equations but rarely applied in dynamic equations on time scales. This study shows that it is unnecessary to explore the existence of periodic solutions of continuous and discrete population models in separate ways. One can unify such studies in the sense of dynamic equations on general time scales.

MSC:
92D40 Ecology
46N60 Applications of functional analysis in biology and other sciences
37N25 Dynamical systems in biology
39A12 Discrete version of topics in analysis
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