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Conformal partial waves and the operator product expansion. (English) Zbl 1097.81735
Summary: By solving the two variable differential equations which arise from finding the eigenfunctions for the Casimir operator for \(O(d,2)\) succinct expressions are found for the functions, conformal partial waves, representing the contribution of an operator of arbitrary scale dimension \(\Delta\) and spin \(\ell\) together with its descendants to conformal four point functions for \(d=4\), recovering old results, and also for \(d=6\). The results are expressed in terms of ordinary hypergeometric functions of variables \(x,z\) which are simply related to the usual conformal invariants. An expression for the conformal partial wave amplitude valid for any dimension is also found in terms of a sum over two variable symmetric Jack polynomials which is used to derive relations for the conformal partial waves.

MSC:
81T40 Two-dimensional field theories, conformal field theories, etc. in quantum mechanics
33C90 Applications of hypergeometric functions
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