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Mathematical methods and tools of kinetic theory towards modelling complex biological systems. (English) Zbl 1093.82016
Based on methods of kinetic theory of interacting particles and nonequilibrium statistical mechanics, the paper designs a mathematical framework to model the dynamics of large systems of living cells. State variables employed to describe individual cells comprise both mechanical and biological parameters; the latter effectively describe various aspects of cell function - a distinctive feature of living systems.
The formalism deals with short- and long-range conservative interactions, which do not modify the numbers of cells of different types, as well as proliferative and destructive interactions. The evolution of the system is described in terms of a distribution function that satisfies a generalized version of the Boltzmann equation. Specific models are designed, which are consistent with the above general framework and concentrate on particular cases of short-range, mean field, dominant mechanical and prevailing biological interactions.
The model is applied to study tumour dynamics and the existence theorems are given for the solutions in three particular cases: (i) spatially homogeneous mass conservative cellular dynamics, (ii) spatially homogeneous destructive and proliferative cellular dynamics and (iii) cellular dynamics with predominant mechanical interactions.
The last section outlines directions of further developments of mathematical models in which the distribution function over the microscopic states is continuous over continuous variables.

82C40 Kinetic theory of gases in time-dependent statistical mechanics
92D25 Population dynamics (general)
Full Text: DOI
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