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Asymptotic analysis of the near-wall region of turbulent natural convection flows. (English) Zbl 1082.76094
Summary: High-Grashof-number turbulent natural convection in the vicinity of vertical walls with heat transfer is analysed asymptotically. The near-wall boundary layer has a viscosity-influenced inner layer and a fully turbulent outer layer, similar to the structure of forced convection boundary layers. Scaling laws and wall functions are found by asymptotic matching of the temperature gradients in the overlap layer. The temperature wall function then is a simple logarithmic function of wall distance whereas the velocity profile in the overlap layer is a more complex correlation. Constants in these wall functions are deduced from high-quality data for large Grashof numbers. Experimental as well as numerical profiles as a whole are very well reproduced by the combination of wall functions and viscous sublayer profiles. Therefore these new asymptotic profiles can be used in CFD codes to avoid very fine grids close to the wall, when Grashof numbers are high.

76R10 Free convection
76M45 Asymptotic methods, singular perturbations applied to problems in fluid mechanics
76F25 Turbulent transport, mixing
80A20 Heat and mass transfer, heat flow (MSC2010)
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