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Adaptively-secure, non-interactive public-key encryption. (English) Zbl 1079.94537
Kilian, Joe (ed.), Theory of cryptography. Second theory of cryptography conference, TCC 2005, Cambridge, MA, USA, February 10–12, 2005. Proceedings. Berlin: Springer (ISBN 3-540-24573-1/pbk). Lecture Notes in Computer Science 3378, 150-168 (2005).
Summary: Adaptively-secure encryption schemes ensure secrecy even in the presence of an adversary who can corrupt parties in an adaptive manner based on public keys, ciphertexts, and secret data of already-corrupted parties. Ideally, an adaptively-secure encryption scheme should, like standard public-key encryption, allow arbitrarily-many parties to use a single encryption key to securely encrypt arbitrarily-many messages to a given receiver who maintains only a single short decryption key. However, it is known that these requirements are impossible to achieve: no non-interactive encryption scheme that supports encryption of an unbounded number of messages and uses a single, unchanging decryption key can be adaptively secure. Impossibility holds even if secure data erasure is possible.
We show that this limitation can be overcome by updating the decryption key over time and making some mild assumptions about the frequency of communication between parties. Using this approach, we construct adaptively-secure, completely non-interactive encryption schemes supporting secure encryption of arbitrarily-many messages from arbitrarily-many senders. Our schemes additionally provide forward security and security against chosen-ciphertext attacks.
For the entire collection see [Zbl 1069.94500].

MSC:
94A60 Cryptography
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