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Preference modelling. (English) Zbl 1072.90018
Figueira, José (ed.) et al., Multiple criteria decision analysis. State of the art surveys. New York, NY: Springer (ISBN 0-387-23067-X/hbk). International Series in Operations Research & Management Science 78, 29-71 (2005).
Summary: This chapter provides the reader with a presentation of preference modelling fundamental notions as well as some recent results in this field. Preference modelling is an inevitable step in a variety of fields: economy, sociology, psychology, mathematical programming, even medicine, archaeology, and obviously decision analysis. Our notation and some basic definitions, such as those of binary relation, properties and ordered sets, are presented at the beginning of the chapter. We start by discussing different reasons for constructing a model or preference. We then go through a number of issues that influence the construction of preference models. Different formalisations besides classical logic such as fuzzy sets and non-classical logics become necessary. We then present different types of preference structures reflecting the behavior of a decision-maker: classical, extended and valued ones. It is relevant to haves numerical representation of preferences: functional representations, value functions. The concepts of thresholds and minimal representation are also introduced in this section. In Section 8, we briefly explore the concept of deontic logic (logic of preference) and other formalisms associated with “compact representation of preferences” introduced for special purposes. We end the chapter with some concluding remarks.
For the entire collection see [Zbl 1060.90002].

90B50 Management decision making, including multiple objectives
91B08 Individual preferences