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XFEM for direct evaluation of mixed mode SIFs in homogeneous and bi-materials. (English) Zbl 1041.74543
Summary: The extended finite element method (XFEM) is improved to directly evaluate mixed mode stress intensity factors (SIFs) without extra post-processing, for homogeneous materials as well as for bimaterials. This is achieved by enriching the finite element (FE) approximation of the nodes surrounding the crack tip with not only the first term but also the higher order terms of the crack tip asymptotic field using a partition of unity method (PUM). The crack faces behind the tip(s) are modelled independently of the mesh by displacement jump functions. The additional coefficients corresponding to the enrichments at the nodes of the elements surrounding the crack tip are forced to be equal by a penalty function method, thus ensuring that the displacement approximations reduce to the actual asymptotic fields adjacent to the crack tip. The numerical results so obtained are in excellent agreement with analytical and numerical results available in the literature.

74S05 Finite element methods applied to problems in solid mechanics
74G70 Stress concentrations, singularities in solid mechanics
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