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Simulating quantum mechanics on a quantum computer. (English) Zbl 1040.81505
Summary: Algorithms are described for efficiently simulating quantum mechanical systems on quantum computers. A class of algorithms for simulating the Schrödinger equation for interacting many-body systems are presented in some detail. These algorithms would make it possible to simulate nonrelativistic quantum systems on a quantum computer with an exponential speedup compared to simulations on classical computers. Issues involved in simulating relativistic systems of Dirac or gauge particles are discussed.

81P68 Quantum computation
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