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Valveless pumping in a fluid-filled closed elastic tube-system: one-dimensional theory with experimental validation. (English) Zbl 1039.92015
Summary: An elastic rubber tube is connected with a stiffer rubber tube forming two halves of a torus and filled with water. Compressing one of the rubber tubes symmetrically and periodic at a point of asymmetry creates a remarkable unidirectional mean flow in the system. The size and the direction of the mean flow depend on the frequency of compression, the elasticity of the tubes, the compression ratio, and the type of compression with respect to time in a complicated manner.
The system is modelled using a one-dimensional theory derived by averaging the Navier-Stokes equations ignoring higher order terms in a certain small quantity. The one-dimensional model is analysed partly analytically and partly numerically. A series of experiments on a physical realisation of the system are described. The theoretical findings and experimental results are compared; they show a remarkable agreement between the experiments and the predictions of the model. Frequencies at which the mean flow change direction are predicted numerically as well as analytically and the two results are compared.

92C35 Physiological flow
76D05 Navier-Stokes equations for incompressible viscous fluids
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