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Mechanical properties of soft tissues and arterial walls. (English) Zbl 1039.92005
Holzapfel, Gerhard A. (ed.) et al., Biomechanics of soft tissue in cardiovascular systems. Lecture notes for an advanced school on “Biomechanics of soft tissue”, Udine, Italy, September 10–14, 2001. Wien: Springer (ISBN 3-211-00455-6/pbk). CISM Courses Lect. 441, 15-64 (2003).
Summary: Mechanical properties of biological tissues are fundamental and prerequisite for biomechanics. Basic mechanical properties, in particular those unique to biologic soft tissues, and their mathematical formulation are described for several tissue examples. Then, the structure and composition of arterial walls are discussed along with the pressure-diameter and stress-strain relations and their mathematical description. The effects of pulsation, smooth muscle contraction, arterial site and aging on the mechanical properties are included in the discussion. Because of the importance of cellular mechanics in the physiological function of tissues and organs and their diseases, the mechanical properties of cells are also described together with several methodologies and techniques which have been used for the determination of the properties.
Biomechanics is very useful for analyzing the pathogenesis of vascular diseases. Several examples of the application of biomechanics to arterial diseases are therefore examined, including arterial wall elasticity in atherosclerosis and hypertension, and the mechanical properties and vasospasm of cerebral arteries.
For the entire collection see [Zbl 1030.00054].

92C10 Biomechanics
92C50 Medical applications (general)