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Calibration and empirical Bayes variable selection. (English) Zbl 1029.62008
Summary: For the problem of variable selection for the normal linear model, selection criteria such as AIC, \(C_p\), BIC and RIC have fixed dimensionality penalties. Such criteria are shown to correspond to selection of maximum posterior models under implicit hyperparameter choices for a particular hierarchical Bayes formulation. Based on this calibration, we propose empirical Bayes selection criteria that use hyperparameter estimates instead of fixed choices. For obtaining these estimates, both marginal and conditional maximum likelihood methods are considered. As opposed to traditional fixed penalty criteria, these empirical Bayes criteria have dimensionality penalities that depend on the data. Their performance is seen to approximate adaptively the performance of the best fixed-penalty criterion across a variety of orthogonal and nonorthogonal set-ups, including wavelet regression. Empirical Bayes shrinkage estimators of the selected coefficients are also proposed.

62C12 Empirical decision procedures; empirical Bayes procedures
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