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Optimal blocking of two-level fractional factorial designs. (English) Zbl 0958.62072
Summary: The minimum aberration criterion is extended for choosing blocked fractional factorial designs. Ideally, one should seek a design that has minimum aberration with respect to both treatments and blocks. We prove the nonexistence of such a design. For this reason, it is needed to compromise between the wordlength pattern of blocks and that of treatments. By exploring the wordlength patterns of a two-level fractional factorial design, we introduce a concept of alias pattern and give accurate formulas for calculating the number of alias relations for any pair of orders of treatment effects as well as of treatment and block effects. According to the structure of alias patterns and the hierarchical principles on treatment and block effects, a minimum aberration criterion for selecting blocked fractional factorial designs is studied. Some optimal blocked fractional factorial designs are given and comparisons with other approaches are made.

MSC:
62K15 Factorial statistical designs
62K05 Optimal statistical designs
62K10 Statistical block designs
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