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Pulse vaccination strategy in the SIR epidemic model. (English) Zbl 0941.92026
Summary: Theoretical results show that the measles ‘pulse’ vaccination strategy can be distinguished from the conventional strategies in leading to disease eradication at relatively low values of vaccination. Using the SIR epidemic model we showed that under a planned pulse vaccination regime the system converges to a stable solution with the number of infectious individuals equal to zero. We showed that pulse vaccination leads to epidemics eradication if certain conditions regarding the magnitude of vaccination proportion and the period of the pulses are adhered to.
Our theoretical results are confirmed by numerical simulations. The introduction of seasonal variation into the basic SIR model leads to periodic and chaotic dynamics of epidemics. We showed that under seasonal variation, in spite of the complex dynamics of the system, pulse vaccination still leads to epidemic eradication. We derived the conditions for epidemic eradication under various constraints and showed their dependence on the parameters of the epidemic. We compared effectiveness and cost of constant, pulse and mixed vaccination policies.

92D30 Epidemiology
37N25 Dynamical systems in biology
34K35 Control problems for functional-differential equations
34K20 Stability theory of functional-differential equations
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