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The inertial lift on a spherical particle in a plane Poiseuille flow at large channel Reynolds number. (English) Zbl 0935.76025
Summary: The inertial migration of a small rigid sphere translating parallel to the walls within a channel flow at large channel Reynolds numbers is investigated. The method of matched asymptotic expansions is used to solve the equations governing the disturbance flow past a particle at small particle Reynolds number and to evaluate the lift. Both neutrally and non-neutrally buoyant particles are considered. The wall-induced inertia is significant in the thin layers near the walls where the lift is close to that calculated for linear shear flow, bounded by a single wall. In the major portion of the flow, excluding near-wall layers, the wall effect can be neglected, and the outer flow past a sphere can be treated as unbounded parabolic shear flow. The effect of the curvature of the unperturbed velocity profile is significant, and the lift differs from the values corresponding to a linear shear flow even at large Reynolds numbers.

MSC:
76D99 Incompressible viscous fluids
76M45 Asymptotic methods, singular perturbations applied to problems in fluid mechanics
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