×

zbMATH — the first resource for mathematics

Index and dynamics of quantized contact transformations. (English) Zbl 0865.47018
Summary: Quantized contact transformations are Toeplitz operators over a contact manifold \((X,\alpha)\) of the form \(U_{\chi} = \Pi A \chi \Pi\), where \(\Pi : H^2(X) \rightarrow L^2(X)\) is a Szegö projector, where \(\chi\) is a contact transformation and where \(A\) is a pseudodifferential operator over \(X\). They provide a flexible alternative to the Kähler quantization of symplectic maps, and encompass many of the examples in the physics literature, e.g. quantized cat maps and kicked rotors. The index problem is to determine \(\text{ind} (U_{\chi})\) when the principal symbol is unitary, or equivalently to determine whether \(A\) can be chosen so that \(U_{\chi}\) is unitary. We show that the answer is yes in the case of quantized symplectic torus automorphisms \(g\) by showing that \(U_g\) duplicates the classical transformation laws on theta functions. Using the Cauchy-Szegö kernel on the Heisenberg group, we calculate the traces on theta functions of each degree \(N\). We also study the quantum dynamics generated by a general q.c.t. \(U_{\chi}\), i.e. the quasi-classical asymptotics of the eigenvalues and eigenfunctions under various ergodicity and mixing hypotheses on \(\chi.\) Our principal results are proofs of equidistribution of eigenfunctions \(\phi_{Nj}\) and weak mixing properties of matrix elements \((B\phi_{Ni}, \phi_{Nj})\) for quantizations of mixing symplectic maps.

MSC:
47B35 Toeplitz operators, Hankel operators, Wiener-Hopf operators
58C40 Spectral theory; eigenvalue problems on manifolds
81S10 Geometry and quantization, symplectic methods
81S30 Phase-space methods including Wigner distributions, etc. applied to problems in quantum mechanics
47G30 Pseudodifferential operators
PDF BibTeX XML Cite
Full Text: DOI Numdam EuDML
References:
[1] M. ATIYAH, The geometry and physics of knots, Lezioni Lincee, Cambridge Univ. Press, 1990. · Zbl 0729.57002
[2] L. AUSLANDER and R. TOLIMIERI, Is computing with the finite Fourier transform pure or applied mathematics, Bull. AMS, 1 (1979), 847-897. · Zbl 0475.42014
[3] L. AUSLANDER, Lecture notes on nil-theta functions, CBMS series no. 34, AMS Publications (1977). · Zbl 0421.22001
[4] S. AXELROD, S. DELLA PIETRA, and E. WITTEN, Geometric quantization of the Chern-Simons gauge theory, J.D.G., 33 (1991), 787-902. · Zbl 0697.53061
[5] W. BAILY, Classical theory of θ-functions, in AMS Proc.Symp.Pure. Math. IX, AMS (1966), 306-311. · Zbl 0178.55002
[6] F. BENATTI, Deterministic chaos in infinite quantum systems, Trieste Notes in Physics, Springer-Verlag (1993).
[7] F. BENATTI, H. NARNHOFER, and G.L. SEWELL, A non-commutative version of the Arnold cat map, Lett. Math. Phys., 21 (1991), 157-172. · Zbl 0722.46033
[8] D. BORTHWICK, T. PAUL, A. URIBE, Legendrian distributions with applications to relative Poincaré series, Invent. Math., 122 (1995), 359-402. · Zbl 0859.58015
[9] L. BOUTET DE MONVEL, Toeplitz operators—an asymptotic quantization of symplectic cones, in : Stochastic Processes and Their Applications, S. Albeverio (Ed.), Kluwer Acad. Pub. Netherlands, 1990. · Zbl 0735.47014
[10] L. BOUTET DE MONVEL and V. GUILLEMIN, The spectral theory of Toeplitz operators, Ann. Math. Studies 99, Princeton U. Press (1981). · Zbl 0469.47021
[11] L. BOUTET DE MONVEL and J. SJÖSTRAND, Sur la singularité des noyaux de bergmann et de szegö, Astérisque 34-35, (1976), 123-164. · Zbl 0344.32010
[12] A. BOUZOUINA and S. DE BIÈVRE, Equipartition of the eigenfunctions of quantized ergodic maps on the torus, to appear in Comm.Math.Phys. · Zbl 0876.58041
[13] O. BRATTELI and D.W. ROBINSON, Operator algebras and quantum statistical mechanics I, Springer-Verlay, 1979. · Zbl 0421.46048
[14] P. CARTIER, Quantum mechanical commutation relations and theta functions, in Algebraic Groups and Discontinuous Subgroups, Proc. Symp. Pure Math. AMS (1966). · Zbl 0178.28401
[15] Y. COLIN DE VERDIÈRE, Ergodicité et functions propres du Laplacian, Comm. Math. Phys., 102 (1985), 497-502. · Zbl 0592.58050
[16] I. DAUBECHIES, Coherent states and projective representations of the linear canonical transformations, J. Math. Phys., 21 (1980), 1377-1389. · Zbl 0453.22012
[17] M. D’EGLI ESPOSTI, S. GRAFFI, and S. ISOLA, Stochastic properties of the quantum Arnold cat in the classical limit, Comm. Math. Phys., 167 (1995), 471-509.
[18] R.G. DOUGLAS, C*-algebra extensions and K-homology, Ann. Math. Studies no. 95, Princeton Univ. Press, Princeton, 1980. · Zbl 0458.46049
[19] G. FOLLAND, Harmonic analysis in phase space, Ann. Math. Studies, no. 122, Princeton Univ. Press, 1989. · Zbl 0682.43001
[20] G. FOLLAND and E. STEIN, Estimates for the ∂b complex and analysis on the Heisenberg group, Comm. P.A.M., 27 (1974), 429-522. · Zbl 0293.35012
[21] V. GUILLEMIN, Residue traces for certain algebras of Fourier integral operators, J. Fun. Anal., 115 (1993), 381-417. · Zbl 0791.35162
[22] V. GUILLEMIN, A non-elementary proof of quadratic reciprocity (unpublished manuscript).
[23] J.H. HANNAY and M.V. BERRY, Quantization of linear maps on a torus, Physica D1 (1980), 267. · Zbl 1194.81107
[24] E.J. HELLER, In : chaos and quantum physics, Les Houches 1989 (ed. by M.J. Giannoni, A. Voros and J. Zinn-Justin), Amsterdam, North Holland, 1991.
[25] C. HERMITE, Sur quelques formules relatives a la transformation des fonctions elliptiques, Journal de Liouville, III (1858), 26.
[26] V. JAKSIC and C.A. PILLET, On a model of quantum friction III : ergodic properties of the spin-boson system, Comm. Math. Phys. 178 (1996), 627-651. · Zbl 0864.47049
[27] V. KAC, Infinite dimensional Lie algebras, 3rd ed. Cambridge : Cambridge Univ. Press, 1990. · Zbl 0716.17022
[28] V. KAC and D.H. PETERSON, Infinite dimensional Lie algebras, theta functions and modular forms, Adv in Math., 53 (1984), 125-264. · Zbl 0584.17007
[29] J. KEATING, The cat maps : quantum mechanics and classical motion, Nonlinearity, 4 (1991), 309-341. · Zbl 0726.58037
[30] H.D. KLOOSTERMAN, The behaviour of general theta functions under the modular group and the characters of binary modular congruence groups. I, Ann. Math., 47 (1946), 317. · Zbl 0063.03262
[31] D. MUMFORD, Tata lectures on theta III, Progress in Math. 97, Birkhauser, Boston (1991). · Zbl 0744.14033
[32] H. NARNHOFER and W. THIRRING, Transitivity and ergodicity of quantum systems, J.Stat.Phys., 52 (1988), 1097-1112. · Zbl 1084.46054
[33] H. NARNHOFER and W. THIRRING, Mixing properties of quantum systems, J.Stat.Phys., 57 (1989), 811-825. · Zbl 0716.60133
[34] D. RUELLE, Statistical mechanics, Benjamin, 1969.
[35] A.I. SNIRELMAN, Ergodic properties of eigenfunctions, Usp. Math. Nauk., 29 (1974), 181-182.
[36] E. STEIN, Harmonic analysis, Princeton: Princeton Univ. Press, 1993.
[37] T. SUNADA, Quantum ergodicity, preprint 1994. · Zbl 0891.58015
[38] W. THIRRING, A course in mathematical physics, vol. 4 : Quantum Mechanics of Large Systems, Springer-Verlag, New York, 1983. · Zbl 0491.46057
[39] A. URIBE and S. ZELDITCH, Spectral statistics on Zoll surfaces, Comm. Math. Phys. 154 (1993), 313-346. · Zbl 0791.58102
[40] P. WALTERS, An introduction to ergodic theory, Graduate Texts in Math. 79, Springer-Verlag, NY (1982). · Zbl 0475.28009
[41] A. WEINSTEIN, Fourier integral operators, quantization, and the spectrum of a Riemannian manifold, Colloques Internationaux C.N.R.S. 237, Géométrie Symplectique et Physique (1976).
[42] J. WEITSMAN, Quantization via real polarization of the moduli space of flat connections and Chern-Simons gauge theory in genus one, Comm.Math.Phys., 137 (1991), 175-190. · Zbl 0717.53065
[43] S. ZELDITCH, Quantum ergodicity of C*-dynamical systems, (Comm.Math.Phys., 177 (1996), 507-528. · Zbl 0856.58019
[44] S. ZELDITCH, Quantum mixing, J. Fun. Anal., 140 (1996), 68-86. · Zbl 0858.58049
[45] S. ZELDITCH, Quantum transition amplitudes for ergodic and for completely integrable systems, J. Fun. Anal., 94 (1990), 415-436. · Zbl 0721.58051
This reference list is based on information provided by the publisher or from digital mathematics libraries. Its items are heuristically matched to zbMATH identifiers and may contain data conversion errors. It attempts to reflect the references listed in the original paper as accurately as possible without claiming the completeness or perfect precision of the matching.