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Sierpinski’s theorem is deducible from Euler and Dirichlet. (English) Zbl 0815.11044
In 1964 W. Sierpiński [Bull. Soc. R. Sci. Liège 33, 259-260 (1964; Zbl 0127.268)] proved that for any \(M\) there exists a positive integer \(t\) such that the sequence \(n^ 2 + t\), \(n = 1,2, \dots\) contains at least \(M\) primes. In the present note the author shows that an even slightly stronger result can be easily derived from Dirichlet’s theorem that every arithmetic progression with common difference relatively prime to the initial term contains infinitely many primes in conjunction with Euler’s result that every prime of the form \(4k + 1\) is representable as a sum of two squares.
Reviewer: J.Hinz (Marburg)
11N32 Primes represented by polynomials; other multiplicative structures of polynomial values
11N13 Primes in congruence classes
11A41 Primes
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