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Implementing and using high-order finite element methods. (English) Zbl 0812.76042
We present theoretical analyses of and detailed timings for two programs which use high-order finite element methods to solve the Navier-Stokes equations in two and three dimensions. We show that it is more efficient, both in time and storage, not to precompute element matrices as the degree of approximating functions increases. We also study the cost of assembling the stiffness matrix versus directly evaluating bilinear forms in two and three dimensions. We show that it is more efficient not to assemble the full stiffness matrix for high-order methods in some cases. We consider the computational issues with regard to both Euclidean and isoparametric elements. We show that isoparametric elements may be used with higher-order elements without increasing the order of computational complexity.

76M10 Finite element methods applied to problems in fluid mechanics
76D05 Navier-Stokes equations for incompressible viscous fluids
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