Transfer functions of regular linear systems. I: Characterizations of regularity.

*(English)*Zbl 0798.93036Summary: We recall the main facts about the representation of regular linear systems, essentially that they can be described by equations of the form \(\dot x(t)= Ax(t)+ Bu(t)\), \(y(t)= Cx(t)+ Du(t)\), like finite dimensional systems, but now \(A\), \(B\) and \(C\) are in general unbounded operators. Regular linear systems are a subclass of abstract linear systems. We define transfer functions of abstract linear systems via a generalization of a theorem of FourĂ©s and Segal. We prove a formula for the transfer function of a regular linear system, which is similar to the formula in finite dimensions. The main result is a (simple to state but hard to prove) necessary and sufficient condition for an abstract linear system to be regular, in terms of its transfer function. Other conditions equivalent to regularity are also obtained. The main result is a consequence of a new Tauberian theorem, which is of independent interest.