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State space modeling of non-standard actuarial time series. (English) Zbl 0764.62087

Summary: Insurance professionals have long recognized the value of time series methods in analyzing sequential business and economic data. However, the usual class of Box-Jenkins models are sometimes not flexible enough to adequately describe many practically-arising time series. By way of contrast, the state-space model offers a general approach for multivariate time-series modeling, forecasting, and smoothing. Versions of these models having linear mean structure and Gaussian error distributions have enjoyed acturial application (for instance, in credibility theory) using the simple recursive updating formulae provided by the Kalman filter algorithm. Recently, fitting these models in more challenging nonlinear and non-Gaussian scenarios has become feasible using Monte Carlo integration techniques.
This paper gives a brief review of this new methodology, and subsequently demonstrates its usefulness in actuarial settings via three data examples. The non-standard modeling features illustrated include the explicit incorporation of covariates, direct modeling of non-stationary series without differencing, multivariate analysis, comparison of results under normal and non-normal error assumptions, density estimation for future observations, and nonlinear model building and testing.

MSC:

62P05 Applications of statistics to actuarial sciences and financial mathematics
62M10 Time series, auto-correlation, regression, etc. in statistics (GARCH)
62F15 Bayesian inference

Software:

MINITAB
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References:

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