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The strong chromatic number of a graph. (English) Zbl 0751.05034
Let $$G=(V,E)$$ be a graph of $$n$$ vertices. If $$k$$ divides $$n$$, then $$G$$ is said to be strongly $$k$$-colorable if for any partition of $$V$$ into pairwise disjoint sets $$V_ i$$, each of cardinality $$k$$, there is a proper $$k$$-vertex coloring of $$G$$ in which each color meets $$V_ i$$, $$i=1,2,\ldots,n/k$$, in exactly one vertex. If $$k$$ does not divide $$n$$, then $$G$$ is said to be strongly $$k$$-colorable if the graph obtained from $$G$$ by adding to it $$k\lceil n/k\rceil-n$$ isolated vertices is strongly $$k$$-colorable. The author shows that there is an absolute constant $$c$$ such that for any graph with vertex maximum degree $$d$$, the strongly chromatic number is less than or equal to $$cd$$.

##### MSC:
 05C15 Coloring of graphs and hypergraphs 05C70 Edge subsets with special properties (factorization, matching, partitioning, covering and packing, etc.)
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