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Inference for biased transformation models. (English) Zbl 06917823
Summary: Working regression models are often parsimonious for practical use and however may be biased. This is because either some strong signals to the response are not included in working models or too many weak signals are excluded in the modeling stage, which make cumulative bias. Thus, estimating consistently the parameters of interest in biased working models is then a challenge. This paper investigates the estimation problem for linear transformation models with three aims. First, to identify strong signals in the original full models, a sufficient dimension reduction approach is applied to transferring linear transformation models to pro forma linear models. This method can efficiently avoid high-dimensional nonparametric estimation for the unknown model transformation. Second, after identifying strong signals, a semiparametric re-modeling with some artificially constructed predictors is performed to correct model bias in working models. The construction procedure is introduced and a ridge ratio estimation is proposed to determine the number of these predictors. Third, root-\(n\) consistent estimators of the parameters in working models are defined and the asymptotic normality is proved. The performance of the new method is illustrated through simulation studies and a real data analysis.

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