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Classification of chromatically unique graphs having quadratic \(\sigma\)- polynomials. (English) Zbl 0686.05021
Let P(G) denote the chromatic polynomial of a finite simple graph. The graph G is called chromatically unique if \(P(G)=P(H)\) implies that G is isomorphic with H. Chromatically unique graphs have been studied by C.-Y. Chao and the second author [Lect. Notes Math. 642, 121-131 (1978; Zbl 0369.05032)].
Let the chromatic polynomial of a graph G with p vertices be given in terms of the factorial basis \(\{(\lambda)_ i:\) \(i=0,1,...\}\), where \((\lambda)_ i=\lambda (\lambda -1)...(\lambda -i+1)\) (i\(\geq 1)\), \((\lambda)_ 0=1\), and let \(\chi\) (G) denote the chromatic number of G. Then there are integers \(a_ 0,a_ 1,...,a_ h\) with \(P(G)=\sum^{h}_{i=1}a_ i(\lambda)_{p-i}\) where \(h=p-\chi (G).\) Now the \(\sigma\)-polynomial of G is defined by \(\sigma (G)=\sum^{h}_{i=0}a_ i\sigma^{h-i}\). R. W. Frucht and R. E. Giudici [Ars Comb. 16-A, 161-172 (1983; Zbl 0536.05026)] classified all graphs having quadratic \(\sigma\)-polynomials.
In the present paper such a characterization is given for all chromatically unique graphs having quadratic \(\sigma\)-polynomials.
Reviewer: U.Baumann

MSC:
05C15 Coloring of graphs and hypergraphs
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[1] and , On chromatic equivalence of graphs. in Theory and Applications of Graphs. and , Eds., Springer-Verlag Lecture Notes in Mathematics, Vol. 642, Springer-Verlag, New York (1978). · Zbl 0369.05032
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