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On the three families of instability waves of high-speed jets. (English) Zbl 0672.76054
The normal-mode small-amplitude waves of high-speed jets are investigated analytically and computationally. Three families of instability waves, each having a distinct wave pattern and propagation characteristics, have been found. One of the families of waves is the familiar Kelvin-Helmholtz instability wave. The other two families of waves do not appear to have been clearly identified and systematically studied before. Waves of one of the new wave family propagate with supersonic phase velocities relative to the ambient gas. They are, therefore, referred to as supersonic instability waves. Waves of the other family have subsonic phase velocities. Accordingly they are called subsonic waves. The subsonic waves have the unusual property that they are unstable only for jets with finite thickness mixing layers. They are neutral waves when calculated by a vortex-sheet jet model.

MSC:
76E99 Hydrodynamic stability
76D33 Waves for incompressible viscous fluids
76M99 Basic methods in fluid mechanics
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