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Critical star multigraphs. (English) Zbl 0619.05023
Authors’ abstract: ”A star-multigraph G is a multigraph in which there is a vertex \(v^*\) which is incident with each non-simple edge. It is critical if it is connected, class 2 and \(\chi '(G\setminus e)<\chi '(G)\) for each \(e\in E(G)\). We show that, if G is any star multigraph, then \(\chi '(G)\leq \Delta (G)+1\). We investigate the edge-chromatic class of star multigraphs with at most two vertices of maximum degree. We also obtain a number of results on critical star multigraphs. We shall make use of these results in later papers.”
Reviewer: R.L.Hemminger

MSC:
05C15 Coloring of graphs and hypergraphs
05C35 Extremal problems in graph theory
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