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Finite element simulation of solidification problems. (English) Zbl 0617.76112
This paper reports on the application of the finite element method to solidification problems, principally concerning industrial casting processes. Although convective heat transfer has been modelled, the work herein considers only heat conduction, for clarity. The heat transfer model has also been coupled with thermal stress analysis packages to predict mechanical behaviour including cracking and eventual failure, but this is reported elsewhere.
Following the introduction, the mathematical and computational modelling tools are described in detail, for completeness. A discussion on the handling of the phase change interface and latent heat effects is then presented. Some aspects of the solution procedures are examined next, together with special techniques for dealing with the mold-metal interface. Finally, some numerical examples are presented which substantiate the capabilities of the finite element model, in both two and three dimensions.

76T99 Multiphase and multicomponent flows
80A20 Heat and mass transfer, heat flow (MSC2010)
76M99 Basic methods in fluid mechanics
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