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Spectral function methods for nonlinear diffusion equations. (English) Zbl 0615.60077
Two spectral function methods are developed for linear and nonlinear diffusion equations in one dimension where the nonlinearity is in the inhomogeneous term and occurs as a power of the solution. In the single spectral function method polynomial spectral functions in the spatial variable are introduced. The spectral resolution of the diffusion equation in the Hilbert space spanned by these functions yields a system of ordinary differential equations which is then integrated in discrete steps of the time variable.
The double spectral method introduces polynomial spectral functions in both space and time variables and thereby eliminates the need for time integration through application of an iterative algorithm. Both methods are compared against analytical solutions for the linear cases and against the numerical solutions for the nonlinear cases. The second spectral function method was found to be more efficient than the first by a factor of 6 in the case of nonlinear problems.

MSC:
60J70 Applications of Brownian motions and diffusion theory (population genetics, absorption problems, etc.)
82B05 Classical equilibrium statistical mechanics (general)
81P20 Stochastic mechanics (including stochastic electrodynamics)
65C99 Probabilistic methods, stochastic differential equations
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