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Defective colorings of graphs in surfaces: Partitions into subgraphs of bounded valency. (English) Zbl 0596.05024
A graph is called (m,k)-colorable if its vertices can be colored with m colors such that each vertex is adjacent to at most k vertices of the same color as itself. Also (a,b)\(\geq (c,d)\) means \(a\geq c\) and \(b\geq d\). Theorem A. Every outer-planar graph is (m,k)-colorable iff (m,k)\(\geq (2,2)\) or (3,0). Theorem B. Every planar graph is (m,k)-colorable iff (m,k)\(\geq (4,0)\) or (3,2). Theorem C. For each compact surface s, there is an integer k such that every graph embedded in s can be (4,k)-colored. Conjecture. In Theorem C, 3 can replace 4. Conjecture. If G is planar, then V(G) can be partitioned into subsets \(V_ 1\), \(V_ 2\), \(V_ 3\) such that each \(v_ i\) induces a union of disjoint paths and each \(V_ i\cup V_ j\) induces an outerplanar graph.
Reviewer: J.Mitchem

MSC:
05C15 Coloring of graphs and hypergraphs
05C10 Planar graphs; geometric and topological aspects of graph theory
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References:
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