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Fractional calculus in the transient analysis of viscoelastically damped structures. (English) Zbl 0562.73071
Summary: Fractional calculus is used to model the viscoelastic behavior of a damping layer in a simply supported beam. The beam is analyzed by using both a continuum formulation and a finite element formulation to predict the transient response to a step loading. The construction of the finite element equations of motion and the resulting nontraditional orthogonality conditions for the damped mode shapes are presented. Also presented are the modified forms of matrix iteration required to calculate eigenvalues and mode shapes for the damped structure. The continuum formulation, also incorporating the fractional calculus model, is used to verify the finite element approach. The location of the poles (damping and frequency) are found to be in satisfactory agreement, as are the modal amplitudes for the first several modes.

MSC:
74S30 Other numerical methods in solid mechanics (MSC2010)
74H45 Vibrations in dynamical problems in solid mechanics
74K10 Rods (beams, columns, shafts, arches, rings, etc.)
74S05 Finite element methods applied to problems in solid mechanics
74D99 Materials of strain-rate type and history type, other materials with memory (including elastic materials with viscous damping, various viscoelastic materials)
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