A 1D higher gradient model derived from Koiter’s shell theory.

*(English)*Zbl 1370.74103Summary: A thin rectangular plate is modelled as an (initially flat) shell. Following Koiter, the two fundamental forms of the deformed middle surface are then used to define the strain measures of the body. On the middle surface of the plate two local coordinates are introduced: we will call them longitudinal and transversal, respectively. It is assumed that the components of the displacement field which characterize the middle surface kinematics can be expressed as a product of two functions: one defined along the longitudinal coordinate and one defined along the transversal coordinate. Given an explicit expression of the latter functions, the 2D plate fields are reduced to 1D ones. The functions of the transversal coordinate are chosen so that the stretch along it together with the membrane shear vanish. It is worth noting that the linearization of these constraints leads to the well-known Vlasov’s assumptions. It is shown that by modelling each side of a thin walled beam as a 1D continuum, the entire assembly can be reduced to a 1D model as well. This procedure gives rise to an hyperelastic 1D beam model in which at least the warping effect is taken into account. The main features of the model are shown by means of some simple applications.

##### MSC:

74K25 | Shells |