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An automated workflow for the biomechanical simulation of a tibia with implant using computed tomography and the finite element method. (English) Zbl 1443.92052
Summary: In this study, a fully automated workflow is presented for the biomechanical simulation of bone-implant systems using the example of a fractured tibia. The workflow is based on routinely acquired tomographic data and consists of an automatic segmentation and material assignment, followed by a mesh generation step and, finally, a mechanical simulation using the finite element method (FEM). Because of the high computational costs of the FEM simulations, an adaptive mesh refinement scheme was developed that limits the highest resolution to materials that can take large amounts of mechanical stress. The scheme was analyzed and it was shown that it has no relevant impact on the simulation precision. Thus, a fully automatic, reliable and computationally feasible method to simulate mechanical properties of bone-implant systems was presented, which can be used for numerous applications, ranging from the design of patient-specific implants to surgery preparation and post-surgery implant verification.
MSC:
92C10 Biomechanics
92C50 Medical applications (general)
92C55 Biomedical imaging and signal processing
65N30 Finite element, Rayleigh-Ritz and Galerkin methods for boundary value problems involving PDEs
65N50 Mesh generation, refinement, and adaptive methods for boundary value problems involving PDEs
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