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Bulk-edge correspondence for two-dimensional Floquet topological insulators. (English) Zbl 1392.82008
Summary: Floquet topological insulators describe independent electrons on a lattice driven out of equilibrium by a time-periodic Hamiltonian, beyond the usual adiabatic approximation. In dimension two, such systems are characterized by integer-valued topological indices associated with the unitary propagator, alternatively in the bulk or at the edge of a sample. In this paper, we give new definitions of the two indices, relying neither on translation invariance nor on averaging, and show that they are equal. In particular, weak disorder and defects are intrinsically taken into account. Finally, indices can be defined when two driven samples are placed next to one another either in space or in time and then shown to be equal. The edge index is interpreted as a quantized pumping occurring at the interface with an effective vacuum.

MSC:
82B20 Lattice systems (Ising, dimer, Potts, etc.) and systems on graphs arising in equilibrium statistical mechanics
82D20 Statistical mechanical studies of solids
82B44 Disordered systems (random Ising models, random Schrödinger operators, etc.) in equilibrium statistical mechanics
82B27 Critical phenomena in equilibrium statistical mechanics
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