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Logistic growth with a slowly varying Holling type II harvesting term. (English) Zbl 07261048
Summary: The Holling type II harvesting term has the property that it is small for small population values, but grows monotonically with population growth, eventually saturating, at a constant value for very large populations. We consider here a population evolving according to a logistic rate, but harvested (predated) subject to a Holling type II harvesting term that varies slowly with time, possibly due to slow environmental variation. Application of a multitiming method gives us an approximation to the population at any time in two cases- survival to a slowly varying limit, and extinguishment to zero. The situation where there is a transition from survival to extinction is also analyzed, using a matched expansions approach. A uniformly valid approximate expression for the population, valid for all times is obtained. These results are shown to agree well with the results of numerical calculations.
91 Game theory, economics, finance, and other social and behavioral sciences
92 Biology and other natural sciences
Full Text: DOI
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