×

zbMATH — the first resource for mathematics

Toward low energy physics from the heterotic string. (English) Zbl 1187.81191
The article is based on the author’s PhD thesis and discusses orbifold compactificatons of the hetrotic string, emphasizing their relation to low-energy phenomenology. The main focus is on the phenomenology of abelian orbifold compactifications of the \(E_8\times E_8\) hetrotic string theory. A strategy to search for models resembling the minimal supersymmetric extension of the standard model (MSSM) in \(Z_6\)-II orbifold compactifications is presented. Several MSSM candidates with the gauge group and the exact spectrum of the MSSM as well as supersymmetric vacua below the compactification scale are found. They also exhibit the following realistic features: \(R\)-parity, seesaw-suppressed neutrino masses, and intermediate scale of supersymmetry breakdown. In addition similaar models are found to exist also in other \(Z_N\) orbifolds and in the SO(32) heterotic string theory.

MSC:
81T30 String and superstring theories; other extended objects (e.g., branes) in quantum field theory
81V22 Unified quantum theories
81T60 Supersymmetric field theories in quantum mechanics
PDF BibTeX XML Cite
Full Text: DOI arXiv
References:
[1] Glashow, Nucl. Phys. 22 pp 579– (1961)
[2] Salam, Phys. Lett. 13 pp 168– (1964)
[3] Weinberg, Phys. Rev. Lett. 19 pp 1264– (1967)
[4] Golfand, JETP Lett. 13 pp 323– (1971)
[5] Volkov, JETP Lett. 16 pp 438– (1972)
[6] Wess, Nucl. Phys. B 70 pp 39– (1974)
[7] Nilles, Phys. Rept. 110 pp 1– (1984)
[8] Georgi, Phys. Rev. Lett. 32 pp 438– (1974)
[9] Pati, Phys. Rev. D 10 pp 275– (1974)
[10] H. Georgi
[11] Fritzsch, Ann. Phys. (Berlin) 93 pp 193– (1975)
[12] Kaluza, Sitzungsber. Preuss. Akad. Wiss. Berlin K1 pp 966– (1921)
[13] O. Klein 37 895 1926
[14] Yoneya, Nuovo Cim. Lett. 8 pp 951– (1973)
[15] Yoneya, Prog. Theor. Phys. 51 pp 1907– (1974)
[16] Scherk, Nucl. Phys. B 81 pp 118– (1974)
[17] Gliozzi, Nucl. Phys. B 122 pp 253– (1977)
[18] Brink, Nucl. Phys. B 121 pp 77– (1977)
[19] Schwarz, Phys. Lett. B 367 pp 97– (1996)
[20] P.K. Townsend
[21] Gross, Phys. Rev. Lett. 54 pp 502– (1985)
[22] Gross, Nucl. Phys. B 256 pp 253– (1985)
[23] Green, Phys. Lett. B 149 pp 117– (1984)
[24] Green, Phys. Lett. B 151 pp 21– (1985)
[25] Polchinski, Phys. Rev. Lett. 75 pp 4724– (1995)
[26] J. Polchinski
[27] J. Polchinski
[28] Uranga, J. High Energy Phys. 12 pp 058– (2002)
[29] Candelas, Nucl. Phys. B 258 pp 46– (1985)
[30] V. Braun Y.-H. He B.A. Ovrut T. Pantev
[31] Dixon, Nucl. Phys. B 261 pp 678– (1985)
[32] Dixon, Nucl. Phys. B 274 pp 285– (1986)
[33] Ibáñez, Phys. Lett. B 187 pp 25– (1987)
[34] Ibáñez, Phys. Lett. B 192 pp 332– (1987)
[35] Ibáñez, Phys. Lett. B 191 pp 282– (1987)
[36] Gmeiner, J. High Energy Phys. 01 pp 004– (2006)
[37] Douglas, J. High Energy Phys. 01 pp 031– (2007)
[38] Gmeiner, J. High Energy Phys. 09 pp 128– (2007)
[39] Gmeiner, J. High Energy Phys. 07 pp 052– (2008)
[40] Casas, Phys. Lett. B 209 pp 214– (1988)
[41] Kobayashi, Nucl. Phys. B 704 pp 3– (2005)
[42] Buchmüller, Phys. Rev. Lett. 96 pp 121602– (2006)
[43] J.E. Kim B. Kyae
[44] H.P. Nilles
[45] Buchmüller, Nucl. Phys. B 712 pp 139– (2005)
[46] W. Buchmüller K. Hamaguchi O. Lebedev M. Ratz
[47] Nilles, J. High Energy Phys. 04 pp 050– (2006)
[48] Plöger, J. High Energy Phys. 04 pp 063– (2007)
[49] Lebedev, Phys. Lett. B 668 pp 331– (2008)
[50] Lebedev, Phys. Lett. B 645 pp 88– (2007)
[51] Lebedev, Phys. Rev. Lett. 98 pp 181602– (2007)
[52] Buchmüller, Phys. Rev. Lett. 99 pp 021601– (2007)
[53] Lebedev, Phys. Rev. D 77 pp 046013– (2008)
[54] M.B. Green J.H. Schwarz E. Witten
[55] M.B. Green J.H. Schwarz E. Witten
[56] Narain, Nucl. Phys. B 288 pp 551– (1987)
[57] Ibáñez, Nucl. Phys. B 301 pp 157– (1988)
[58] Font, Phys. Lett. B 217 pp 272– (1989)
[59] Förste, Phys. Rev. D 72 pp 026001– (2005)
[60] Bailin, Phys. Lett. B 188 pp 193– (1987)
[61] Kobayashi, Int. J. Mod. Phys. A 9 pp 87– (1994)
[62] Förste, J. High Energy Phys. 03 pp 011– (2007)
[63] Takahashi, J. High Energy Phys. 03 pp 103– (2007)
[64] Minahan, Nucl. Phys. B 298 pp 36– (1988)
[65] Senda, Nucl. Phys. B 302 pp 291– (1988)
[66] Vafa, Nucl. Phys. B 273 pp 592– (1986)
[67] P. Griffiths J. Harris
[68] A. Wingerter
[69] A.E. Faraggi S. Förste C. Timirgaziu
[70] Casas, Phys. Lett. B 230 pp 63– (1989)
[71] Giedt, Ann. Phys. (Berlin) 289 pp 251– (2001)
[72] Kobayashi, Phys. Lett. B 593 pp 262– (2004)
[73] Narain, Phys. Lett. B 169 pp 41– (1986)
[74] Casas, Int. J. Mod. Phys. A 8 pp 455– (1993)
[75] R.N. Cahn
[76] P.K.S. Vaudrevange
[77] Slansky, Phys. Rept. 79 pp 1– (1981)
[78] Witten, Phys. Lett. B 149 pp 351– (1984)
[79] Schellekens, Nucl. Phys. B 287 pp 317– (1987)
[80] Dine, Nucl. Phys. B 289 pp 589– (1987)
[81] Sagnotti, Phys. Lett. B 294 pp 196– (1992)
[82] Berkooz, Nucl. Phys. B 475 pp 115– (1996)
[83] Blumenhagen, J. High Energy Phys. 08 pp 009– (2005)
[84] Casas, Nucl. Phys. B 317 pp 171– (1989)
[85] Kobayashi, Nucl. Phys. B 496 pp 103– (1997)
[86] Araki, Nucl. Phys. B 805 pp 124– (2008)
[87] Witten, Phys. Lett. B 117 pp 324– (1982)
[88] P.K.S. Vaudrevange
[89] Gaberdiel, J. High Energy Phys. 08 pp 001– (2004)
[90] Donagi, Nucl. Phys. B 694 pp 187– (2004)
[91] R. Donagi K. Wendland
[92] E. Kiritsis M. Lennek B. Schellekens
[93] Dixon, Nucl. Phys. B 282 pp 13– (1987)
[94] Hamidi, Nucl. Phys. B 279 pp 465– (1987)
[95] Erler, Nucl. Phys. B 397 pp 379– (1993)
[96] Choi, Nucl. Phys. B 797 pp 295– (2008)
[97] Kobayashi, Phys. Lett. B 245 pp 441– (1990)
[98] V.G. Kač D.H. Peterson
[99] Choi, Nucl. Phys. B 662 pp 476– (2003)
[100] Kač, Func. Anal. Appl. 3 pp 252– (1969)
[101] Katsuki, Nucl. Phys. B 341 pp 611– (1990)
[102] O. Lebedev
[103] W. Buchmüller K. Hamaguchi O. Lebedev M. Ratz
[104] Kawamura, Prog. Theor. Phys. 105 pp 691– (2001)
[105] Asaka, Phys. Lett. B 563 pp 209– (2003)
[106] Y. Katsuki
[107] Dijkstra, Nucl. Phys. B 710 pp 3– (2005)
[108] P. Anastasopoulos T.P.T. Dijkstra E. Kiritsis A.N. Schellekens
[109] Bouchard, Phys. Lett. B 633 pp 783– (2006)
[110] Cleaver, Phys. Lett. B 455 pp 135– (1999)
[111] Raby, Phys. Rev. D 76 pp 086006– (2007)
[112] Araki, Phys. Rev. D 76 pp 066006– (2007)
[113] Ovrut, Phys. Rev. D 25 pp 409– (1982)
[114] Buccella, Phys. Lett. B 115 pp 375– (1982)
[115] Raby, Phys. Rev. Lett. 99 pp 051802– (2007)
[116] Kim, Phys. Lett. B 138 pp 150– (1984)
[117] Giudice, Phys. Lett. B 206 pp 480– (1988)
[118] Atick, Nucl. Phys. B 292 pp 109– (1987)
[119] J. Wess J. Bagger
[120] Gatto, Commun. Math. Phys. 109 pp 327– (1987)
[121] Font, Nucl. Phys. B 307 pp 109– (1988)
[122] Cleaver, Nucl. Phys. B 525 pp 3– (1998)
[123] Nilles, Phys. Lett. B 115 pp 193– (1982)
[124] Ferrara, Phys. Lett. B 125 pp 457– (1983)
[125] Derendinger, Phys. Lett. B 155 pp 65– (1985)
[126] Dine, Phys. Lett. B 156 pp 55– (1985)
[127] Casas, Phys. Lett. B 384 pp 103– (1996)
[128] S.H. Shenker
[129] Banks, Phys. Rev. D 50 pp 7454– (1994)
[130] Binetruy, Phys. Lett. B 388 pp 241– (1996)
[131] Binétruy, Nucl. Phys. B 493 pp 27– (1997)
[132] Binétruy, Phys. Lett. B 412 pp 288– (1997)
[133] Barreiro, Phys. Rev. D 57 pp 7354– (1998)
[134] Buchmüller, Nucl. Phys. B 699 pp 292– (2004)
[135] Font, Phys. Lett. B 245 pp 401– (1990)
[136] Nilles, Phys. Lett. B 248 pp 268– (1990)
[137] Ibáñez, Phys. Lett. B 169 pp 354– (1986)
[138] Dixon, Nucl. Phys. B 355 pp 649– (1991)
[139] Mayr, Nucl. Phys. B 407 pp 725– (1993)
[140] Nilles, Nucl. Phys. B 499 pp 3– (1997)
[141] Stieberger, Nucl. Phys. B 541 pp 109– (1999)
[142] Kokorelis, Nucl. Phys. B 579 pp 267– (2000)
[143] W. Buchmüller K. Hamaguchi O. Lebedev S. Ramos-Sánchez M. Ratz
[144] Dimopoulos, Phys. Lett. B 112 pp 133– (1982)
[145] Hinchliffe, Phys. Rev. D 47 pp 279– (1993)
[146] Gaillard, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94 pp 141601– (2005)
[147] Kappl, Phys. Rev. Lett. 102 pp 121602– (2009)
[148] Minkowski, Phys. Lett. B 67 pp 421– (1977)
[149] T. Yanagida
[150] M. Gell-Mann P. Ramond R. Slansky
[151] Maltoni, New J. Phys. 6 pp 122– (2004)
[152] Mohapatra, Ann. Rev. Nucl. Part. Sci. 56 pp 569– (2006)
[153] Kim, Nucl. Phys. B 770 pp 47– (2007)
[154] Nibbelink, J. High Energy Phys. 03 pp 005– (2009)
[155] Polchinski, Nucl. Phys. B 460 pp 525– (1996)
[156] Angelantonj, Phys. Lett. B B85 pp 96– (1996) · doi:10.1016/0370-2693(96)00869-6
[157] Kakushadze, Nucl. Phys. B 512 pp 221– (1998)
[158] Eisele, Phys. Rev. D 77 pp 043510– (2008)
[159] Ellis, Phys. Lett. B 653 pp 411– (2007)
[160] Mayr, Phys. Lett. B 317 pp 53– (1993)
[161] Witten, Nucl. Phys. B 471 pp 135– (1996)
[162] Ibáñez, Nucl. Phys. B 382 pp 305– (1992)
[163] Hebecker, Nucl. Phys. B 713 pp 173– (2005)
[164] H.P. Nilles S. Ramos-Sánchez M. Ratz P.K.S. Vaudrevange
[165] B. Dundee S. Raby A. Wingerter
[166] B. Dundee S. Raby
[167] Choi, J. High Energy Phys. 12 pp 063– (2004)
[168] Giedt, Nucl. Phys. B 671 pp 133– (2003)
[169] Nibbelink, J. High Energy Phys. 03 pp 035– (2007)
[170] K.-S. Choi J.E. Kim
This reference list is based on information provided by the publisher or from digital mathematics libraries. Its items are heuristically matched to zbMATH identifiers and may contain data conversion errors. It attempts to reflect the references listed in the original paper as accurately as possible without claiming the completeness or perfect precision of the matching.