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Yes, the “missing axiom” of matroid theory is lost forever. (English) Zbl 06871590
Summary: We prove there is no sentence in the monadic second-order language \(MS_0\) that characterises when a matroid is representable over at least one field, and no sentence that characterises when a matroid is \(\mathbb{K}\)-representable, for any infinite field \(\mathbb{K}\). By way of contrast, because Rota’s Conjecture is true, there is a sentence that characterises \(\mathbb{F}\)-representable matroids, for any finite field \(\mathbb{F}\).

03C13 Model theory of finite structures
05B35 Combinatorial aspects of matroids and geometric lattices
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