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Real-time lip reading system for isolated Korean word recognition. (English) Zbl 1207.68314
Summary: This paper proposes a real-time lip reading system (consisting of a lip detector, a lip tracker, a lip activation detector and a word classifier) which can recognize isolated Korean words. Lip detection is performed in several stages: face detection, eye detection, mouth detection, mouth end-point detection, and active appearance model (AAM) fitting. Lip tracking is then undertaken via a novel two-stage lip tracking method, where the model-based Lucas-Kanade feature tracker is used to track the outer lip, and then a fast block matching algorithm is used to track the inner lip. Lip activation detection is undertaken through a neural network classifier, the input for which being a combination of the lip motion energy function and the first dominant shape feature. In the last step, input words are defined and recognized by three different classifiers: HMM, ANN, and K-NN. We combine the proposed lip reading system with an audio-only automatic speech recognition (ASR) system to improve the word recognition performance in the noisy environments. We then demonstrate the potential applicability of the combined system for use within hands-free in-vehicle navigation devices. Results from experiments undertaken on 30 isolated Korean words using the K-NN classifier at a speed of 15 fps demonstrate that the proposed lip reading system achieves a 92.67% word correct rate (WCR) for person-dependent tests, and a 46.50% WCR for person-independent tests. Also, the combined audio-visual ASR system increases the WCR from 0% to 60% in a noisy environment.
MSC:
68T10 Pattern recognition, speech recognition
68T35 Theory of languages and software systems (knowledge-based systems, expert systems, etc.) for artificial intelligence
Software:
darch
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