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Constructing the relative neighborhood graph in 3-dimensional Euclidean space. (English) Zbl 0757.05062
Summary: The relative neighborhood graph for a finite set \(S=\{p_ 1,\dots,p_ N\}\) of points, briefly \(\text{RNG}(S)\), is defined by the following formation rule: \(\overline{p_ ip_ j}\) is an edge in \(\text{RNG}(S)\) if and only if for all \(p_ k\in S-\{p_ i,p_ j\}\), \(\text{dist}(p_ i,p_ j)\leq\max(\text{dist}(p_ i,p_ k),\;\text{dist}(p_ j,p_ k))\). We show that RNG for point sets in \(\mathbb{R}^ 3\) can be constructed in optimal space and \(O(N^ 2\log N)\) time. Also, combinatorial estimates on the size of RNG in \(\mathbb{R}^ 3\) are given.

MSC:
05C35 Extremal problems in graph theory
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