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Flow characteristics in hydraulically equilibrium two-phase flows in a vertical \(2 \times 3\) rod bundle channel. (English) Zbl 1136.76627
Summary: In order to increase data on two-phase flow distribution in a multi-subchannel system, being similar to a rod bundle, experiments have been carried out using water and air at ambient pressure and temperature as the working fluids and a newly constructed \(2 \times 3\) rod bundle channel as the test channel. The channel contained six rods in rectangular array and two-kinds of six subchannels, simulating a BWR fuel rod bundle. Experimental data on flow distribution and pressure drop along each subchannel axis were obtained in various single- and two-phase flows under a hydraulic equilibrium flow condition. From the measured pressure drop in the single-phase flow, friction factor data in each subchannel were obtained. The two-phase pressure drop data were compared with calculations by a simple, one-dimensional, one-pressure two-fluid model. In addition, Taylor bubble velocity in each subchannel in slug-churn flows was measured with a double needle contact probe. Using the bubble velocity data, we obtained a subchannel void fraction in each subchannel, and discussed a relationship of the subchannel void fractions between two different subchannels. Results of such experiments and discussions are presented in this paper.
76Txx Multiphase and multicomponent flows
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