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One-particle reducible contribution to the one-loop spinor propagator in a constant field. (English) Zbl 1373.81401
Summary: Extending work by Gies and Karbstein on the Euler-Heisenberg Lagrangian, it has recently been shown that the one-loop propagator of a charged scalar particle in a constant electromagnetic field has a one-particle reducible contribution in addition to the well-studied irreducible one. Here we further generalize this result to the spinor case, and find the same relation between the reducible term, the tree-level propagator and the one-loop Euler-Heisenberg Lagrangian as in the scalar case. Our demonstration uses a novel worldline path integral representation of the photon-dressed spinor propagator in a constant electromagnetic field background.

MSC:
81V10 Electromagnetic interaction; quantum electrodynamics
70S05 Lagrangian formalism and Hamiltonian formalism in mechanics of particles and systems
78A35 Motion of charged particles
81S40 Path integrals in quantum mechanics
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