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Structural, electronic and optical properties of AgI under pressure. (English) Zbl 1220.82149
Summary: We report results of first-principles total-energy calculations for structural properties of the group I-VII silver iodide (AgI) semiconductor compound under pressure for B1 (rocksalt), B2 (cesium chloride), B3 (zinc-blende) and B4 (wurtzite) structures. Calculations have been performed using all-electron full-potential linearized augmented plane wave plus local orbitals FP-LAPW + lo method based on density-functional theory (DFT) and using generalised gradient approximation (GGA) for the purpose of exchange correlation energy functional. In agreement with experimental and earlier ab initio calculations, we find that the B3 phase is slightly lower in energy than the B4 phase, and it transforms to B1 structure at 4.19 GPa. Moreover, we found AgI has direct gap in B3 structure with a band gap of 1.378 eV and indirect band gap in B1 phase with a bandgap around 0.710 eV. We also present results of the effective masses for the electrons in the conduction band (CB) and the holes in the valence band (VB). To complete the fundamental characteristics of this compound we have analyzed their linear optical properties such as the dynamic dielectric function and energy loss function for a wide range of 0–25 eV.
MSC:
82D37 Statistical mechanical studies of semiconductors
82B26 Phase transitions (general) in equilibrium statistical mechanics
82B80 Numerical methods in equilibrium statistical mechanics (MSC2010)
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